Neural Monte Carlo Renormalization Group
Jui-Hui Chung1*, Ying-Jer Kao1
1Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
* Presenter:Jui-Hui Chung,
The key idea behind the renormalization group (RG) transformation is that properties of physical systems with very different microscopic makeups can be characterized by a few universal parameters. However, finding the optimal RG transformation remains difficult due to the many possible choices of the weight factors in the RG procedure. Here we show, by identifying the conditional distribution in the restricted Boltzmann machine (RBM) and the weight factor distribution in the RG procedure, an optimal real-space RG transformation can be learned without prior knowledge of the physical system. This neural Monte Carlo RG algorithm allows for direct computation of the RG flow and critical exponents. This scheme naturally generates a transformation that maximizes the real-space mutual information between the coarse-grained region and the environment. Our results establish a solid connection between the RG transformation in physics and the deep architecture in machine learning, paving the way to further interdisciplinary research.

Keywords: Artificial neural networks, Renormalization group, Monte Carlo methods